Heirs at Law in Georgia
The following outline is a summary of the Georgia law that determines who are heirs at law of a decedent (the person whose death without a will (intestacy)) requires the administration of his or her estate). The actual statute may be found in the Official Code of Georgia Annotated (OCGA) Section 53-2-1.
The heirs are:
- The spouse if there are no children (and no children who died before the decedent leaving living children of their own or descendants of living children)
- The spouse and children if there are children, and the children of any child or children who died before the decedent (as well as the deceased child’s descendants if any of the deceased child’s children also predeceased the decedent)
- The parents if there is no spouse or children, descendants of deceased children, grandchildren, etc.
- If no spouse, children, descendants of children, or parents survived the decedent, the brothers and sisters of the decedent and the descendants of any deceased brother or sister who predeceased the decedent
- If none of the above were living at decedent’s death, the grandparents
- If none of the above, uncles and aunts and descendants of any deceased uncle or aunt, but if all uncles and aunts are deceased, then first cousins share equally, rather than siblings taking their parent’s share
The more remote degrees of kinship are determined by a mathematical formula involving the relative in question and the closest common ancestor. If you have gotten this far, please consult OCGA sec. 53-2-1(b)(8). You may also need the assistance of a Georgia probate attorney. This information is also available in the form of a flow chart.
SOURCE: Athens-Clarke County.
Probate Courts in Georgia are courts of limited but exclusive jurisdiction over (a) the probate of wills and the administration of estates of deceased persons, (b) the appointment of guardians of the person and property of incapacitated adults, (c) the appointment of guardians of the property of minors, (d) the appointment, in certain circumstances, of guardians of the person of minors, and (e) the commitment for involuntary treatment of persons addicted to drugs or alcohol and/or suffering from mental illness. Probate Courts also issue certain licenses and permits and perform certain administrative duties. In many counties, the Probate Court exercises limited criminal jurisdiction (traffic cases, game and fish violations, etc.) Some Probate Judges also serve as the Elections Superintendent and/or Vital Records Custodian for their counties. In certain counties, the Probate Judge is also the Magistrate Court Judge.
The Probate Court of Cobb County is an “Article 6 Probate Court” [Title 15, Chapter 9, Article 6, Official Code of Georgia Annotated] and has an enhanced or expanded jurisdiction. Under Article 6, which applies in counties having a population of 96,000 or more, the Probate Judge must be a licensed attorney with experience and qualifications equal to those for serving in the Superior Courts of Georgia. Article 6 Probate Courts have certain concurrent jurisdiction with the Superior Courts and may conduct jury trials in issues properly before the court. Appeals from Article 6 Probate Courts are directly to the Court of Appeals or the Supreme Court, as appropriate.
Many of the procedures filed in the Probate Courts in Georgia are by use of the Georgia Probate Court Standard Forms. Not all proceedings have a standard form applicable to them. All Georgia Probate Court Standard Forms are available in each Probate Court. These forms are also available at, may be downloaded from, and may be compiled on the Georgia Probate Court On-Line System.
Information about metro Atlanta probate courts:
Probate Court of Cherokee County
Judge B. Keith Wood
90 North Street
Canton, GA 30114
Phone: 678 -493- 6160
Probate court of Cobb County
Kelli Wolk, Chief Judge
32 Waddell Street
Marietta, GA 30090
(770) 528-1996 fax
View Web site
Clerk of Court (770) 528-1900
Estates Division (770) 528-1900
Firearms License ( 770) 528-1922
Marriage License (770) 528-1921
Probate Court of Fulton County
Judge Pinkie Toomer,
T2705 Justice Center Tower
185 Central Avenue, SW
Atlanta, GA 30303
Phone: 404 -612- 4640