In order to ensure proper use of funds, lawyers for special needs planning in Georgia help their clients choose a trustee. This person is put in charge of the special needs trust, and instead of providing money directly to the beneficiary (the child with special needs), the trustee will usually pay directly from the trust to service providers, housing officials, etc. Some trusts are set up with the parents and the special needs planning lawyer in a way that provides payment to the trustee for taking on these responsibilities.
Sometimes, there is no mention of a fee in the trust paperwork, but the trustee is still entitled to payment, if desired. There are several factors that should go into determining an suitable fee, whether it is stipulated in advance by those creating the trust or it is later determined that one is needed. The complexity of the trust is certainly one of those considerations. If there are numerous investments that need to be managed, for example, it would be appropriate to pay the trustee for the time and expertise involved.
The types of services the trustee provides also play into determining the fee. More complex tasks, like the investment management mentioned above, would likely be paid at a higher rate than less complicated ones, such as paying monthly bills. The trustee would be responsible for tracking his or her time, along with the service, in order to determine a fair fee.
Occasionally, a trustee will pay for a good or service from personal money. When that happens, the trustee can expect to be reimbursed out of the special needs trust by providing a receipt for money spent on the beneficiary’s behalf. This type of payment is separate from the trustee’s fee and would not be treated the same. That’s because the trustee’s fee is taxed as income. On the trust’s end of things, the fee is a tax deduction.
Special needs planning lawyers in Georgia are continually looking for the best ways to serve their clients and provide for the future. Having a trustee in place is one method to ensure that funds are being used appropriately, and paying that trustee can be one way to ensure the job gets done right.
Thanks to a new law passed in Congress last month, disabled individuals will no longer have to choose between saving a small nest-egg for future care expenses or preserving long-term eligibility for low-income benefits such as Medicaid or Supplemental Social Security Insurance (SSI).
Under the Achieving a Better Life Experience (ABLE) Act, individuals with disabilities now have the opportunity to begin saving their own money toward future health-care costs, housing expenses, transportation, education, and other needs without jeopardizing eligibility for critical government benefits.
Eligibility under the ABLE Act is limited to those 26 and under, with a $14,000 cap on yearly contributions. A total of $100,000 tax-free can now be accumulated in a special ABLE account, which is limited to one per person.
Prior to the passing of the ABLE Act, individuals with disabilities were unable to have assets totaling more than $2,000 or earn more than $680 per month without forfeiting eligibility for government programs like Medicaid. This was worrisome for families, considering that Medicaid is often the only healthcare option available for those with significant disabilities.
To protect such benefits, then, parents of disabled children would often go to great lengths to avoid putting assets, donations or inheritances their child’s name. But now, under this law, families have new opportunities to help their child save for the future while keeping much-needed government benefits intact.
Additionally, the ABLE Act offers another exciting benefit in that disabled individuals will no longer be deterred from pursing gainful employment opportunities in the local community.
Prior to the passing of this law, individuals who had some capacity to work and contribute to society were often deterred from doing so out of fear of they would cross the income thresholds of their benefits and lose everything. Now, young people with disabilities can take a chance in pursuing meaningful work opportunities without sabotaging their financial future.
As an Atlanta special needs attorney, I feel this is a wonderful law and a positive step forward in empowering disabled children and young adults. An ABLE Account combined with solid planning tools such as Special Needs Trusts now affords families with even more protection and flexibility when saving for the future. A good special needs attorney can help families utilize these tools for maximum savings opportunities and peace of mind.
Special needs planning attorneys in Atlanta have very specialized knowledge that can help families plan for their children’s future. There are so many things to keep straight when it comes to raising your special needs child, and focusing on what will happen to him or her after your death is not something that is pleasant to contemplate. Still, it is very important to take the time to meet with a special needs planning attorney in Atlanta in order to give your child the best opportunities.
An Important Tool
Special needs planning is a part of estate planning, and one of the most common things an Atlanta GA special needs atttorney is likely to advise will be a “special needs trust.” The reason that this trust is so important is that it allows you to set aside money for your child’s future without jeopardizing his or her eligibility for government benefits such as Social Security and Medicaid. Unfortunately, leaving your child even a small inheritance can make it so he or she is no longer eligible for this kind of aid and can severely impact quality of life.
Trusts for Your Child
There are different types of trusts that the attorney will go over with you. Some are funded by the person with special needs, say through an award from a personal injury case or from an inheritance. Others are specifically funded by a third party such as parents or other family members. The second kind is the special needs trust, and if it’s the right choice for you, a qualified Georgia special needs trust attorney will be able to help you understand your options with the trust.
People to Consider
In addition to helping you set up the trust, a special needs attorney will also be able to help you determine the appropriate trustee. In some cases, this may be a family member or other caregiver. In other cases, the lawyer or firm may take care of the administration of the trust. An advocate may also be chosen. This person will be familiar with both the beneficiary’s needs and the intentions and wishes of the person creating the special needs trust.
Using the Trust
When the trust is set up, the person creating it (called the “grantor”) has a say in how the funds are to be used. For example, money can be dedicated to the daily needs of the beneficiary. Dispersal schedules can be created, as well. In this way, rather than giving someone a single lump sum, you can set up a situation where monthly allotments are made. The advocate would understand this and work with the trustee to make sure the terms were being followed in the beneficiary’s best interest. At the same time, the trustee is charged with managing the funds through investments or other means that keep the trust funded.
Of course, this is just an introduction to the possibilities of a trust. For a much fuller understanding and to get the ball rolling, we invite you to contact our Atlanta special needs attorneys who are knowledgeable about the field, as well as how Georgia’s state laws come into play. To schedule a Georgia Treasures Planning Session (valued at $750) at no charge, simply call 770.425.6060 and mention this article.
Most parents choose to leave their estates equally to their children. But sometimes, parents intentionally choose to not leave anything to a child. There may be what the parents consider to be a legitimate reason: one child has been more financially successful than the others; not wanting a special needs child to lose government benefits; or not wanting to leave an inheritance to an irresponsible or drug-dependent child. Sometimes a parent wants to disinherit a child who is estranged from the family, or to use disinheritance as a way to get even and have the last word.
Regardless of the reason, disinheriting a child is hurtful, permanent, and will affect that child’s relationship with his or her siblings. The courts are full of siblings who sue each other over inheritances but even if they don’t sue, it is highly unlikely they will be having family dinners together. Money aside, there is symbolic meaning to receiving something from a parent’s estate.
Disinheriting a child may be short-sighted and even completely unnecessary. For example:
* A child who appears to be more successful financially may have trouble behind the scenes. The inheritance may be needed now or in the future: finances can change, marriages can collapse, and people can become ill. And unless specific provision is made for them, grandchildren from this child will also be disinherited.
* A spouse, child, sibling, parent or other loved one who is physically, mentally or developmentally disabled—from birth, illness, injury or even substance abuse—may be entitled to government benefits now or in the future. Most of these benefits are available only to those with very minimal assets and income. But you do not have to disinherit this person. A special needs trust can be carefully designed to supplement and not jeopardize benefits provided by local, state, federal or private agencies.
* A child who is irresponsible with money or is under the influence of drugs or alcohol may not be the ideal candidate to receive an inheritance of any size. But this child may need financial help now or in the future, and may even become a responsible adult. Instead of disinheriting the child, establish a trust and give the trustee discretion in providing or withholding financial assistance; you can stipulate any requirements you want the child to meet.
How we choose to include our children in our estate plans says a good deal about our values and faith. Not disinheriting a child who has caused grief and heartache can convey a message of love and forgiveness, while disinheriting a child, even for what seems to be good cause, can convey a lack of love, anger and resentment.
If you have previously disinherited a child and you have since reconciled, update your plan immediately. If your decision to disinherit a child is final, your attorney will know the best way to handle it. Consider telling your child that you are disinheriting him or her so it doesn’t come as a complete surprise. Explaining your reasons will allow for honest discussion, may help deter the child from blaming siblings later and may prevent a costly court battle.